College graduates Indonesia has a dilemma, as the title of the diploma of higher education they get no longer so easy to got a job guarantee. The difficulty they absorbed the workforce more and gain weight, due to begin January 1, this year they also compete with foreign labor from ASEAN countries as the impact of the entry into force of the ASEAN Economic Community (MEA)
The difficulty of obtaining local employment university graduates already visible from Indonesia, who educated unemployment figures rising every year. Based on the data from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) in August 2014, in Indonesia, there is 9.5 percent (688,660 persons) of the total unemployed which is an alumni of the College.
They have a diploma degree award or three holders (S-1). Of that number, most unemployed university graduates are high-styled S-1 as many as 495,143 people.
Educated unemployment in 2014 was increased compared to unemployed college graduate in 2013 are only 8.36 percent (619,288 persons) and in 2012 of 8.79 percent (645,866 persons).
“Indonesia open unemployment rate based on a reasonably guardian education’s harm,” said the former Vice Minister of National Education Fasli Jalal,, (27/4/2015).
According to Fasli, Indonesia needs to redesign the concept of higher education so that graduates quickly absorbed of the industry.
“What still need to educate the young for four years in college or provide enough certified international training six months so that they can work in some countries,” he said.
The number of college graduates is unemployed due to the discrepancy between the profile of university graduates with a ready-made workforce qualifications required of the company. Based on the results of a study of Willis Towers Watson about Talent Management and Rewards since 2014 uncover, eight of the top ten businesses in Indonesia trouble getting college graduates who are ready to use.
Still according to the results of a study that, should the company not difficult finding labor, for growth rates of college graduates in Indonesia each year is always growing. Meanwhile, the number of requests the company against labor is always lower than the number of graduates.
“After India and Brazil, Indonesia ranked third as the country with the growth of university graduates more than 4 percent and an average surplus of 1.5 per cent per year. But, the company remains the difficulty of getting a high-potential employee, “said Consultant Director, Willis Tower Watson Indonesia, Lilis Halim on discussion A Taste Of L’oreal, Wednesday (20/4/2016).
Hard absorbed college graduates because Indonesia does not have the required skill of the company and do not have a critical skill.
“Skill is a significant step in entering the world of work after it should have a critical skill if you want to grow and join the ranks of the company’s management,” said Lilis.
Based on that study, Lilis says that in today’s digital era, college graduates must have digital skills, that is know and master the digital world. Agile thinking ability able to think of many scenarios as well as interpersonal and communication skills — the skill of communicating so brave on the opinion.
Lastly, according to him, the graduates must also have global skills. These include the ability of Skil foreign languages, can mix and blend with the foreigners of different cultures, and have a sensitivity to cultural values.
Indonesia education experts, Great news, who is also a panelist in the discussion, so that says that the quality of college graduates who do not fit the needs of the industrialized world is due to an error during Indonesia’s education system 20 years ago.
“During this time, the students are just told to learn to pass so undergraduates. They are just pursuing status rather than the process to become a scholar. So finally they got no understanding of anything against the educational process that has already passed, “he said.
Arief also invites parents, teachers, and professors to teach the younger generation to not afraid of change. He also criticism against a counter with the modification of the educational curriculum.
“Don’t be afraid of change, because education curriculum changes to adjust to the needs of the industry and the world,” said Arief.
Professor State University of Jakarta (UNJ) it also hopes that the Government and the colleges could invite private parties to devise an appropriate curriculum for the College.
“Friends from private must form the curriculum, for our private so know from experience in the field, and it was a most excellent teacher for students,” he said.